A new synthesis published in Nature suggests that thawing Arctic permafrost will release greenhouse gases gradually, rather than in a sudden "bomb". The gradual rate of these natural emissions may give society more time to adapt to their effects, but they remain a challenge for climate mitigation .
PostedJan 31, 2015
Physical Climate, Observations, Water Resources, Carbon Cycle, Agriculture & Food, Extreme Events, Adaptation
Although the amount of moisture stored in soil is just a small fraction of Earth’s water, it plays a big role in the Earth system. NASA’s Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite, launched into orbit this morning, will collect unprecedented measurements of soil moisture around the globe.
PostedDec 17, 2014
Modeling, Carbon Cycle
NASA scientists used an ultra-high-resolution supercomputer model to simulate how carbon dioxide moves through Earth’s atmosphere. Watch an animation of the model's output to see carbon dioxide swirling across the globe in stunning detail.
PostedAug 21, 2014
Physical Climate, Observations, Modeling, Mitigation, Carbon Cycle
New NASA research shows that Earth's atmosphere contains an unexpectedly large amount of carbon tetrachloride (CC14), an ozone -depleting chemical that was banned worldwide decades ago. According to the study, global emissions of CCl4 average 39 kilotons per year—approximately 30 percent of peak emissions prior to its banning.
PostedJul 2, 2014
Physical Climate, Observations, Carbon Cycle
Early this morning, NASA launched the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-2), a new science satellite that will measure Earth's output and uptake of carbon dioxide—the leading greenhouse gas responsible for climate change .
PostedJul 22, 2013
Physical Climate, Scenarios, Modeling, Carbon Cycle, Energy
Two recently released animated NASA visualizations developed to support the forthcoming third US National Climate Assessment show projections of Earths temperature and precipitation patterns from today through the year 2100, revealing how low versus high emission scenarios would impact the planets climate.
PostedJun 12, 2013
Physical Climate, Modeling, Carbon Cycle, Arctic
NASA's Carbon in Arctic Reservoirs Vulnerability Experiment (CARVE) is probing deep into the frozen lands above the Arctic Circle in Alaska to measure emissions of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane from thawing permafrost signals that may hold a key to Earth's climate future.