Predicting climate on a seasonal basis can benefit decision makers in key sectors like energy, water resources, and agriculture, among others. A number of USGCRP agencies are working to improve the Nation’s seasonal forecasting capacity through major investments in innovative climate models that can bridge the needs of atmospheric research and operational forecasts. As one example, a new model developed by NOAA’s Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, known as...
Since 1989, the U.S.
In particular, Our Changing Planet highlights progress and accomplishments in interagency activities. These highlights represent the broad spectrum of USGCRP activities that extend from Earth system observations, modeling, and fundamental research through synthesis and assessment, decision support, education, and public engagement.
The Arctic is facing rapid climate and environmental change relative to many other parts of the world. In addition to long-lived
In addition to emissions from human activities, natural emissions of
Although the volume and surface extent of Arctic sea ice varies between seasons and years, observations show a long-term down-ward trend over the last three decades. Variability in Arctic sea ice is an important
La Niña is a periodic extreme phase of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle that brings wetter weather to certain parts of the world. The exceptional La Niña event of 2010–2011 led to heavy rainfall in the Southern Hemisphere and widespread flooding in Australia, where 35 people died, 30,000 homes and business were damaged, and an area the combined size of France, Germany, and Italy was submerged.
In May 2014, a study
The severe, sustained
The Nation’s energy infrastructure is vulnerable to a range of climate impacts, particularly in areas prone to severe storms or water shortages. These impacts may be exacerbated or mitigated by other systemic factors, such as increasing energy demands, infrastructure interdependencies, and changes in technology, demographics,
The United States and other countries around the world are working together to implement Future Earth, an emerging global sustainability research program that emphasizes partnerships among scientific and