Mounting Expenses from Permafrost Thawing
Effects of permafrost thaw on houses in interior Alaska (2001, top left), roads in eastern Alaska (1982, top
right), and the estimated costs (with and without climate change) of replacing public infrastructure in
Alaska, assuming a mid-range emissions scenario (A1B, with some decrease from current emissions growth trends).
(Photo credits: (top left) Larry Hinzman; (top right) Joe Moore. Figure source: adapted from Larsen and Goldsmith