A coastal ecosystem restoration project in New York City integrates revegetation (a
form of green infrastructure) with bulkheads and riprap (gray or built infrastructure). Investments
in coastal ecosystem conservation and restoration can protect coastal waterfronts and
infrastructure, while providing additional benefits, such as habitat for commercial and recreational
fish, birds, and other animal and plant species, that are not offered by built infrastructure.
(Photo credit: Department of City Planning, New York City, reprinted with permission).