For many years the Climate Divisional Dataset was the only long-term temporally and spatially complete dataset from which to generate historical climate analyses (1895-2013) for the contiguous United States (CONUS). It was originally developed for climate-division, statewide, regional, national, and population-weighted monitoring of drought , temperature, precipitation, and heating/cooling degree day values. Since the dataset was at the divisional spatial scale, it naturally lent itself to agricultural and hydrological applications. There are 344 climate divisions in the CONUS. For each
This page features Federal climate data resources as well as select datasets associated with the Third National Climate Assessment.
Climate.Data.GovAs part of the Administration's Climate Data Initiative, climate.data.gov provides access to Federal resources to help America’s communities, businesses, and citizens plan and prepare for climate change.climate.data.gov
The global time series is produced from the Smith and Reynolds blended land and ocean data set (Smith et al., 2008). Global-average anomalies are calculated on an annual time scale. The global anomalies are provided with respect to the period 1901-2000, the 20th century average. Land surface temperatures are from the Global Historical Climate Network-Monthly (GHCN-M). Sea surface temperatures are determined using the extended reconstructed sea surface temperature (ERSST) analysis. ERSST uses the most recently available International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) and
GHCN (Global Historical Climatology Network)-Daily is an integrated database of daily climate summaries from land surface stations across the globe. Like its monthly counterpart (GHCN-Monthly), GHCN-Daily is comprised of daily climate records from numerous sources that have been integrated and subjected to a common suite of quality assurance reviews. GHCN-Daily contains records from over 75000 stations in 180 countries and territories. Numerous daily variables are provided, including maximum and minimum temperature, total daily precipitation, snowfall, and snow depth; however, about two
This dataset contains estimates of Earths static field geototential derived from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission measurements, produced by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). The data are in spherical harmonics averaged over approximately a month. The primary objective of the GRACE mission is to obtain accurate estimates of the mean and time-variable components of the Earths gravity field variations. This objective is achieved by making continuous measurements of the change in distance between twin spacecraft, co-orbiting in about 500 km altitude, near circular,
A model-derived dataset of land surface states and fluxes is presented for the conterminous United States and portions of Canada and Mexico. The dataset spans the period 1950–2000, and is at a 3-h time step with a spatial resolution of ⅛ degree. The data are distinct from reanalysis products in that precipitation is a gridded product derived directly from observations, and both the land surface water and energy budgets balance at every time step. The surface forcings include precipitation and air temperature (both gridded from observations), and derived downward solar and longwave radiation,
The GHCN-monthly data set provides monthly mean in situ surface air temperature and precipitation data. Data is available for some locations dating back to the 1700s. There is global coverage from 1880 to the present. The data is updated each month with the most recent month's data. Quality controlled and homogeneity adjusted data sets are available. There are 7,280 mean temperature stations and more than 20,000 precipitation stations.
The NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis 1 project is using a state-of-the-art analysis/forecast system to perform data assimilation using past data from 1948 to the present. A large subset of this data is available from PSD in its original 4 times daily format and as daily averages. However, the data from 1948-1957 is a little different, in the regular (non-Gaussian) gridded data. That data was done at 8 times daily in the model, because the inputs available in that era were available at 3Z, 9Z, 15Z, and 21Z, whereas the 4x daily data has been available at 0Z, 6Z, 12Z, and 18Z. These latter times were