USGCRP was established by Presidential Initiative in 1989 and mandated by Congress in the Global Change Research Act (GCRA) of 1990 to develop and coordinate “a comprehensive and integrated United States research program which will assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change.”
In consultation with White House officials and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research (SGCR), USGCRP's Executive Director ensures that the Program meets all mandated requirements, which are summarized in the table below.
Such representatives shall be high ranking officials of their agency or department, wherever possible the head of the portion of that agency or department that is most relevant to the purpose of the title described in section 101(b).
The budget table below represents those funds self-identified by the USGCRP agencies as their contributions to USGCRP research. This budget "crosscut" does not include the costs of many agency investments that are relevant and necessary to USGCRP's ability to address national objectives related to global change (for example, many of the observing networks and satellite systems critical to documenting trends were originally carried out by their sponsoring agencies for current operational purposes, and these typically are not included in the budget crosscut).
Funding amounts are rounded to the nearest millions (totals reflect the rounded sum of the unrounded agency amounts). DOD does not report activities or funding through the USGCRP budget crosscut. DOS and USAID funding supports USGCRP and the Climate Change International Assistance effort. In the past, some of this funding was counted under both categories. These efforts do not add to the USGCRP total, and DOS and USAID are considered "Non-Add Agencies." DOS did not report USGCRP funding during this time period.
*DOS has been included as a non-add agency in the past, but reported no USGCRP funding during this time period.
The National Science and Technology Council’s Committee on Environment coordinates interagency activities relevant to environmental research and policy, domestically and internationally. The Committee on Environment encompasses several subcommittees, including the Subcommittee on Global Change Research (the steering body for USGCRP) as well as other subcommittees with which USGCRP works closely.
President Obama signed Executive Order 13653 on November 1st, 2013, establishing a Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience to advise the Administration on how the Federal Government can respond to the needs of communities nationwide that are dealing with the impacts of climate change. The Task Force members include state, local, and tribal leaders from across the country who will use their first-hand experiences in building climate preparedness and resilience in their communities to inform their recommendations to the Administration.
Executive Order 13653 also established an interagency Council on Climate Preparedness and Resilience, chaired by the White House and composed of more than 25 agencies. The Council considers recommendations developed by the above Task Force; coordinates Federal climate preparedness and resilience activities; and supports state, local, and tribal actions to increase climate preparedness and resilience of communities, critical economic sectors, infrastructure, and natural resources.
The Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee (IARPC), which consists of representatives from 16 agencies, departments, and offices across the Federal Government, is charged with enhancing scientific monitoring of and research on local, regional, and global environmental issues in the Arctic.
Through the U.S. Group on Earth Observations (USGEO), the U.S. supports cooperative, international efforts to build the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). GEOSS is being developed through the intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations (GEO), a partnership of 80 countries, the European Commission, and nearly 60 international organizations.
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