USGCRP was established by Presidential Initiative in 1989 and mandated by Congress in the Global Change Research Act (GCRA) of 1990 to develop and coordinate “a comprehensive and integrated United States research program which will assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change.”
In consultation with White House officials and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research (SGCR), USGCRP's Executive Director ensures that the Program meets all mandated requirements, which are summarized in the table below.
Such representatives shall be high ranking officials of their agency or department, wherever possible the head of the portion of that agency or department that is most relevant to the purpose of the title described in section 101(b).
The National Science and Technology Council’s Committee on Environment coordinates interagency activities relevant to environmental research and policy, domestically and internationally. The Committee on Environment encompasses several subcommittees, including the Subcommittee on Global Change Research (the steering body for USGCRP) as well as other subcommittees with which USGCRP works closely.
The Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee (IARPC), which consists of representatives from 16 agencies, departments, and offices across the Federal Government, is charged with enhancing scientific monitoring of and research on local, regional, and global environmental issues in the Arctic.
Through the U.S. Group on Earth Observations (USGEO), the U.S. supports cooperative, international efforts to build the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). GEOSS is being developed through the intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations (GEO), a partnership of 80 countries, the European Commission, and nearly 60 international organizations.
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