Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Reports
Internationally, many assessments have been produced to address important questions related to environmental issues such as ozone depletion, climate change, and the loss of biodiversity. Many of these assessments have provided the scientific basis for the elaboration of international agreements, including the Assessment Report Series from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
The IPCC is a scientific intergovernmental body set up by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). IPCC assesses the scientific, technical and socio-economic information relevant for the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change. Because of its intergovernmental nature, the IPCC is able to provide scientific technical and socio-economic information in a policy-relevant but policy neutral way to decision makers.
National Research Council Reports
The National Research Council (NRC) functions under the auspices of The National Academies, including the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), and the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The mission of the NRC is to improve government decision making and public policy, increase public education and understanding, and promote the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge in matters involving science, engineering, technology, and health.
Historically, USGCRP has partnered with the National Research Council and utilized the reports and discussions conducted by the National Academies as an important source of input to its planning and evolution. This partnership produced a series of reports that provide advice on Federal climate change research and related activities.
NOAA State of the Climate: National Overview Reports
The State of the Climate Report from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), is a collection of monthly summaries recapping climate-related occurrences on both a global and national scale. Visit the State of the Climate website to view past reports and summary information about the reports.
On July 20, 2010, NOAA released the 2009 State of the Climate report. This report draws on data for 10 key climate indicators that all point to the same finding: the scientific evidence that our world is warming is unmistakable. More than 300 scientists from 160 research groups in 48 countries contributed to the report, which confirms that the past decade was the warmest on record and that the Earth has been growing warmer over the last 50 years.
Scientific Assessment of the Effects of Global Change on the United States
In May 2008, the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), together with the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) released a national scientific assessment of the effects of global change in the United States, with special emphasis on climate change.
The assessment analyzed the effects of global change on natural and human environments, agriculture, water resources, social systems, energy production and use, transportation, and human health. It analyzed current trends in global change, both natural and human-induced, and it projected major trends for the future. It was intended to help inform discussion of the relevant issues by decisionmakers, stakeholders, and the public. The report also addressed the requirements for assessment in the Global Change Research Act of 1990.