Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide
2. Global monthly average concentrations of carbon dioxide have risen steadily from 339 parts per million in 1980 (averaged over the year) to 402 parts per million in 2016, an increase of about 19% in just over 30 years.
3. This indicator tracks global levels of carbon dioxide, the most predominate greenhouse gas in the atmosphere and an important driver of observed
Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide trap heat in the atmosphere. Increasing concentrations of these gases have driven an increase in global temperatures. The Annual Greenhouse Gas Index (AGGI) shows that over the past decade, increases in carbon dioxide are responsible for about 84% of the increase in the heat-trapping capacity of the atmosphere. Although the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide fluctuates over seasonal cycles, as illustrated by the saw-tooth pattern in the graph, the overall trend has been a steady increase since data collection began. Global monthly average concentrations of carbon dioxide have risen from around 339 parts per million in 1980 (averaged over the year) to 402 parts per million in 2016, an increase of about 19%.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Global Monitoring Division has measured carbon dioxide and other
Information about global carbon dioxide concentrations can inform emissions policies at national and international levels.